Traffic Apps for Your Phone that You Need!

Traffic Apps for your Phone

Your phone can save you from a traffic jam. There are plenty of applications in your phone that you can use to determine which areas are having a traffic jam and provide alternative routes.

These are some of the traffic apps for your phone you can use.



One of the most useful apps when it comes to determining traffic jams next to Google Maps. Waze is a community-based traffic and navigation app that features real-time updates to map routes and traffic patterns.


  • Gas price tracker
  • Traffic conditions
  • Road issue alerts such as construction


Total Traffic

A great choice in dealing with heavy traffic on a daily basis. 


  • Extensive traffic camera network
  • Gives updated statistics
  • Accident coverage


Google Maps

One of the most popular navigation apps known to men. 


  • Automatic rerouting
  • Lane guidance
  • Transit information
  • Traffic information
  • Real-time updates


Apple Maps

They may be late to the traffic-app party but now became a worthy rival to other apps.


  • Improved maps, Satellite imagery, city guides, and cycling navigation. 
  • Provides recommendations for travel times and routes
  • Maps also provides Yelp reviews and informational links for points of interest



Provides typical navigation app features and search functions full of add-on perks.


  • Great turn-by-turn navigation.
  • Additional features are priced individually, so you only pay for what you want.
  • Global user base and offline capabilities



A program from the 1990s that has improved over time.


  • Access to traffic cameras to see road conditions.
  • Turn-by-turn directions and alternative routes based on live traffic conditions.
  • Customization for icons and frequent destinations



A go-to for city navigation especially if access to maps is needed when offline. 


  • Downloading maps to work offline keeps you in the know even when you’re on a subway or running out of data.
  • Choose from options like shortest distance or fastest in selecting your route.
  • Public transportation information, including fares.
  • Live traffic and public transit information
  • Fare information for public transportation



In using this app, you will see the travel time to your favorite places. Integrates with Messages, Siri, and Today View in providing a gorgeous way to remain punctual.


  • Beautiful user interface.
  • Estimates travel time for driving, walking, and transit.
  • Includes Apple Watch complication.


Traveling is fun but it becomes a hassle if you are stuck in a traffic jam. By using a traffic app, you can be more productive and spend less time sitting in the middle of a traffic jam. These apps are useful especially if you are always running late. In choosing the best traffic app for you, consider the features of each app and which of them is useful for you.

What if Your Pet Gets Injured in a Car Crash?

There are times that we bring along with us our pets when we are traveling. Unfortunately, accidents can happen, affecting the pets we carry with us on a car ride. When we have our pets with us, we often have them in the back seat and let them wander around. Having pets, such as dogs, on the backseat without a leash is risking serious injuries in case of an accident.

Putting your pets inside a kennel or a cage while traveling is also not a guarantee, as they can still suffer injuries in a collision. Injuries are inevitable in an accident, and pets are at risk when in the vehicle with their owner. 

Injuries on pets can add to their owner’s expense. Fortunately, if a pet is injured in a car crash, the owner can compensate for the insurance claim.


Pets are Considered the Property of the Owner

When it comes to financial responsibility for car accident damages, the state of Maryland is an at-fault state or the person who has caused the accident is the one who is liable for damages. The at-fault party will eventually turn to their car insurance to compensate for the victim’s injuries.

In Maryland, it requires drivers to be liable for property damage. Liability coverage will pay for the victim’s medical bill, and the property damage insurance will cover the costs of the victim’s car and other personal property.

Many would consider pets as part of the family, and for insurance purposes, they are classified as personal property. It means that the at-fault driver’s property damage insurance will cover the costs of any injuries the pet sustained due to the accident.


What About Filing a Claim with My Own Insurance Company?

Filing a claim with your own insurance company is not possible. If you have purchased more than your minimum coverage, it will not cover injuries to your pet. 


How Much Would Insurance Cover?

Insurance coverage becomes complicated because some insurance policies have limits of coverage for pets. Some would ask if insurance can cover the veterinary treatment or the pet’s market value and only cover what the owner has paid for the animal. It means the insurance company will only cover the value of the pet when it was purchased.

Some important things to keep in mind about insurance policies are that some insurance only covers injuries to common pets like cats and dogs; meanwhile, insurance does not cover exotic animals like birds or snakes.

It is important to review insurance policies to know if they can cover pet injuries. To have an insurance policy, policyholders need to know important details other than what the company tells them with the help of a licensed lawyer. Some insurance companies take advantage of crash victims who seek compensation. 


What About Pet Insurance?

There are insurance companies that offer pet insurance. If it’s available for you, they would strongly suggest you avail one, especially if something unfortunate happens and your pet is in the car with you. It can cover the cost of treatment for injuries after an accident since veterinary treatments and animal hospitalization can be very costly. Besides injuries from accidents, pet insurance also covers regular visits to the vet and management of chronic illnesses and other conditions the pet may suffer from. 

Insurance policies have limits to their coverage, and this also applies to pet insurances and would likely be deductible. If pets get seriously injured, the pet insurance may allow you to get your pet the treatment it needs to heal and help improve the quality of life of your pets.


Pets are part of the family and having them with you while on the road, you as the owner are liable for your pet’s life and safety. For unfortunate instances like accidents, having pet insurance helps save your pet’s life and save your pockets from spending.

What to Do If You Trip and Fall on a City Sidewalk

Walking on the sidewalk when all of a sudden you trip, slip, and fall? Damaged property? Felt pain after the fall? You can do something about it. 

If the slip and fall accident happened on a city or municipality sidewalk, the victim could file a lawsuit against the city government. To do so, the victim should be able to prove or show evidence that the government acted intentionally or showed “conscious disregard” for the safety of others. This is referred to as willful and wanton conduct.

There are some cities and municipalities with sidewalks that are in a state of despair. Small cracks or level changes that cannot be seen immediately under snowy conditions can pose a serious hazard to children, adults, and the elderly. When night comes, it becomes more dangerous as individuals can be victims of falling on unmaintained sidewalks.

If you ever trip and fall on a sidewalk, here are some important things you need to do to protect your claims.


Find Out Who Owns the Sidewalk

Before pursuing a claim, find out the owner of the sidewalk where the victim fell. You may need a lawyer’s assistance to locate the owner. A privately-owned sidewalk will have a different case than a government-owned one. The standard of proof is higher if the case is against the government, compared to pirate entities.


Know the Statute of Limitations

If a person got into a trip and fall accident on a sidewalk and decided to file a lawsuit, the person has 2 years (3 years in some states) to file the case from the date of injury. If the government is at fault, the statute of limitations is applicable for one year. It is important to know that one-year statute of limitations and quickly act on it to protect the victim’s rights. Once the statute of limitations expires, the victim is barred from bringing any lawsuit to recover from their injuries.


Call 911 or Get Medical Attention

Accidents like trips and slips and falls can be catastrophic. The victim can have concussions, broken ankles or legs, broken wrists and arms because of this accident. If this happens, immediate medical attention should be provided to maintain the health and recovery of the victim. Calling 911 will also ensure that a report will be made and document the accident and the circumstances surrounding it. If there is more documentation, it will be easier for the victim to prove their case.


Take Photographs and Measurements

Part of the documentation process is taking photographs and measurements of the accident. This will avoid the De Minimis rule argument from the government. If the victim can measure defects of the sidewalk where the accident happened, it can be used to determine whether there is negligence on the part of the government or none. The lawyer and engineers, and architects can help determine if there are changes in the original measurements and when the accident happened. Measurements should be taken before defects can be repaired after a person is injured.


File a Report with Your City or Municipality

Notify the government of the dangerous condition that caused the victim to fall. It will force the government to bring out an entity to inspect the area where the victim fell and perform repairs so as not to cause any more harm to other people. Also, the documentation created from the report can be used to prove the victim’s case.


Consult with a Lawyer

Lawyers who have experience handling cases involving falls on sidewalks, including cases involving the government or other private entities, can help the victim file the necessary lawsuit and do additional investigation to prove the case.


Laws Involved in Trip, Slip, and Fall Cases

If you have been in a slip and fall accident on someone’s property, it is a good idea to look into options for you to get compensated for your losses. It’s true if it is proven that the property owner has shown negligence that has caused the accident.

As the accident victim, you can decide whether to file for an insurance claim or take the matter to court through a personal injury lawsuit. Keep in mind that some laws and legal rules will affect the case. Two important laws that may arise are the statute of limitations deadline for filing a slip and fall lawsuit and harsh “shared fault” rules that can wipe out the person’s right to recover compensation if proven that they bear some amount of responsibility for the accident.


The Slip and Fall Statute of Limitations

As discussed earlier, the statute of limitations is a law that puts a time limit on the right of the victim to have a lawsuit against the state’s civil court system. If a person attempts to file a slip and fall lawsuit after the deadline has passed, the property owner can use that to get the court’s attention, and as the victim, your case will undoubtedly be dismissed.

The accident victim has 2 or 3 years (depending on the state) to file for the lawsuit. The “clock” starts running on the date of the injury. In a rare situation where the death occurred, a family representative can file a wrongful death lawsuit, and the “clock” starts on the date of the person’s death.

The same principle applies if the accident incurred property damage, such as valuables like an expensive watch. The victim can ask the court for the property owner to pay for the damage or repair or replacement of the property.

The success or failure of the case depends on the ability of the victim to prove that the property owner, whether the government or a private entity, failed to take reasonable steps in keeping the property safe and preventing an accident.


Contributory Negligence

If you have been a victim of a slip and fall accident from someone’s property, and you are trying to make an injury claim against the property owner, you need to hear the other side’s argument against you. They will insist that you bear some amount of responsibility for what happened. If you want to win the case, you and your lawyer need to shoot down this kind of argument with solid evidence of your own. If the property owner can pin any amount of the legal blame for the accident on you, you will most likely go home without any compensation at all.

Some states follow a different rule known as comparative negligence. It means that the person bringing the lawsuit also bears some amount of legal fault for the accident. Under this rule, any damages award that the person (plaintiff) receives will be reduced according to the percentage of their responsibility. 

In the contributory negligence rule, if the plaintiff is found to have a responsibility or amount to blame for the underlying accident, the plaintiff cannot recover any damages (compensations) from any other at-fault party. This instance can lead to harsh results for personal injury plaintiffs.

In attempting to pin some amount of legal liability on you, the property owner could claim that:

  • You were trespassing on the part of the property.
  • You were wearing inappropriate or unsafe footwear at the time of the accident.
  • You were not paying attention to where you were walking.
  • You weren’t paying attention to where you were walking (you were using your phone, for example).
  • The dangerous condition should have been evident to you.
  • The dangerous condition was cordoned off by cones and signage (reasonable steps were taken to protect visitors, in other words).

If all of these can be proven against the plaintiff, the person will walk away with nothing. So to win the case, you need to make a strong case and show the property owner’s negligence as the sole cause of the accident.


A slip and fall may seem like a minor accident, but it can also be fatal, primarily if the victim has incurred personal injury, they can file a lawsuit. But to be able to win the case, they need to have solid evidence against the property owner and study the rules that may apply in filing cases connected to a slip and fall accident.

How Settlement Negotiations Work in Medical Malpractice Cases

Medical malpractice is more common than people realize. Medical malpractice happens anywhere around the globe. In the U.S. alone, 10% of deaths are caused by medical errors or mistakes. It is one of the most challenging trial cases to win, and it often ends up in settlement negotiations. Less than 1% is favored to the victim or the patient.

For this case, an experienced lawyer needs to have the resources to properly investigate the incident and collect evidence that can support a claim for medical malpractice. The lawyers need to fight hard to ensure that clients are fairly compensated for their losses. They have to negotiate effectively and litigate aggressively when they need to.


Starting Settlement Negotiations—Proving Negligence and Causation

In medical malpractice cases, the value of losses is what clients want to know. But before this, two crucial things need proof:

  • The doctor or medical professional was negligent
  • The medical professional’s negligence directly resulted in your injuries and losses.

These requirements are pretty straightforward, but proving them is complicated. You know that something has happened, but proving that it happened is what makes it more difficult.


Proving Medical Malpractice Negligence

In proving the doctor’s negligence, it requires evidence that will show that the doctor or a medical professional has indeed failed to act with “due care.” It needs to be proven that the medical specialist has not provided the standard of care that a responsible doctor with the same training, experience, and education could have done. 

The proof needs to indicate the specific and generally accepted medical practices done to the locations and the time that the malpractice has happened. For example, a doctor is not liable and cannot be found negligent for conducting a procedure that is not generally accepted medical practice until after the injury was made.


Proving Causation in Medical Malpractice

Proving causation is a more complicated subject.

For instance, a patient may have an existing medical condition that the negligent medical practitioner did not diagnose. The doctor can be found liable for medical malpractice because of prolonging the situation.  

Contributing factors may arise and give the victim more problems. For example, a medical practitioner has failed to diagnose a condition that would have required an operation. Still, that practitioner cannot be held liable if the patient had a bad reaction to the anesthesia provided. For it to have a valid claim, the injury must be related to a misdiagnosis.


Superseding Causation in a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit

Superseding causation happens when the contributing factors have caused the injuries. The doctor’s conduct is so far removed that the injuries would have occurred regardless of the doctor’s negligence.

For example, if a doctor failed to diagnose and caused the delay in surgery by an hour, there was no change in the patient’s prognosis than what they would have an hour earlier. The patient’s only injuries were the underlying condition and surgical anesthesia – which the doctor has not failed to diagnose. The doctor will not face any legal responsibility for the injuries and will have no legal obligation to compensate the patient.


Negotiating the Value of a Medical Malpractice Claim

If it is determined that the doctor or medical professional is liable for the injury, the value of the medical malpractice claim can be negotiated. The value may include compensation for the losses sustained by the patient due to inadequate medical care, such as:

  • Prolonged pain and suffering, both mental and physical, more than what was caused by the original condition.
  • Loss of wages for the patient for its inability to work because of negligence and not because of the existing medical condition.
  • Loss of futures earning capacity as a result of the permanent injury.


Value for Wrongful Deaths Caused by Medical Malpractice

If a wrongful death has happened, the patient’s estate can be compensated for all the wages that can be expected the patient would have earned if it was alive.

The surviving spouse or children can file a claim for loss of consortium after a wrongful death. This will compensate the family for the loss of companionship and protection that they could have if the patient were alive.


Dollar Amount for a Medical Malpractice Case

Medical malpractice losses have no defined dollar value, the reason determining its value can be tricky and hard to predict.

Because the values are indefinite, the bulk settlement negotiations would often focus on the hypothetical values of the patient’s all-too-real losses. This undefined value becomes a target for political opposition. 

Without a bill supporting the “non-economic” losses for every medical malpractice, a plaintiff will not be awarded more than $250.00 for non-economic damages incurred by the malpractice. 


Medical Malpractice Settlement Amounts

An approximately $242,000 is the national average payout for a medical malpractice case. This can vary significantly depending on the facts of the case. This brings up the question of who determines the settlement amount: the jury or the negotiating parties?


The formula to determine how much a medical negligence case is worth is:

Economic Damages (past & future) + Noneconomic Damages (past & future) = Value of Case


Settlement Payments Issuance

Once the settlement is determined, the issued payment for the patient’s losses can be collected in two ways:

Structured payment – The payment is awarded in cases that involve minor or birth-related injuries. The court makes sure that the victim will have money for long-term medical treatment.

Lump-sum payment – This is the payment preferred by victims as it is less complicated and allows more options to set up funds to cover the past, future, and current medical expenses of the victim.

Settlement payments are sent to the victim’s lawyer, who will deposit them into an escrow account. After any outstanding balances are paid off, including legal fees and costs, the victim is paid.


Reach Out for Legal Help

If you have been a victim of medical malpractice or know someone who was a victim of an injury that was caused by negligent treatment, some lawyers are willing to help you and get what you deserve. Medical malpractice will have a lifelong effect on its victims. Thus, acting now and reaching out for help can change the life of the injured patient.

Labor Induction and Birth Injuries

Birth injuries to mothers and babies can be avoided by up to 50% with proper planning and better care, based on the National Partnership for Women & Families (NPWF) research. If injuries happen, the medical team, including the doctor, may be held responsible for labor and delivery complications that affect the mother and the baby’s health. At times like these, some physicians may schedule a delivery to induce labor and avoid further complications.

The NPWF identified three situations that can occur at the end of pregnancy when women or newborns are likely to benefit from induction:

  • Prelabor rupture of membranes (broken water) after 37 weeks.
  • A pregnancy that has lasted more than 41 weeks.
  • High blood pressure at full term.

Labor induction carries added risks to both the mother and the baby, especially when not medically necessary, and can lead to an irreversible birth injury. These risks may include:

  • Failed induction: Around 25% of pregnant moms will start the induction with an unripened cervix and may need an emergency C-section when labor stalls.
  • Low Heart rate: The medications used to induce labor such as oxytocin or other prostaglandins can cause abnormal or excessive contractions that can diminish a baby’s oxygen supply and lower the heart rate.
  • Infection: Labor induction methods can increase infection risk for both the mother and baby. It happens when there is rupturing in the mother’s membranes.
  • Uterine Rupture: A rare but severe complication in which the mother’s uterus tears open along the scar line from a prior C-section or major uterine surgery. Emergency C-sections might be needed to prevent life-threatening complications and possible removal of the uterus.
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage: Labor induction can increase the risk for a mother’s uterine muscle not to contract correctly after giving birth (uterine atony). It can lead to severe bleeding after delivery.

In addition, newborn intensive care unit admission rates are higher when induction is present than mothers who experience spontaneous labor.


Birth Inducing Drug and Its Side Effects

When a mother finally gives birth, her body starts to release a unique hormone called oxytocin. The oxytocin triggers contraction of the uterine muscle that fuels the process of labor and delivery.

The most common synthetic drug made by reproducing oxytocin hormone is called Pitocin (and Syntocinon). Doctors use Pitocin to induce pregnant mothers to start labor as it stimulates uterus contractions to accelerate labor and delivery. Pitocin is widely used in labor and delivery rooms and is highly effective when used responsibly. However, it can also result in overstimulation and fetal distress that increases the risk of birth injury.

Pitocin is not a harmful drug but can be dangerous if not used properly as it can have a damaging side effect. Attentive obstetricians and delivery nurses can manage the side effects.


What is Pitocin?

Pitocin is an artificial form of oxytocin that helps women during childbirth. Oxytocin is a hormone released by the pituitary gland and serves a critical function in the childbirth process. The oxytocin stimulates the muscles of the uterus to contract and start the process of child labor. It continues to fuel the labor and delivery process prompting the body to release prostaglandins that further increase uterine contractions’ frequency and intensity. Pitocin is administered intravenously to stimulate the contractions.

The Pitocin is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and triggers the biological reaction in the mother’s womb as how oxytocin would do. The Pitocin binds to the receptors on the uterus and activates the woman’s uterine muscles to facilitate contractions. 

An OB-GYN would use Pitocin for one of two reasons:

  1. To induce the start of labor when the baby is overdue.
  2. To stimulate contractions and jump-start labor that is not progressing fast enough.


Side Effects of Pitocin

Pitocin is quite helpful in inducing childbirth. Like all other medications, it also has underlying side effects that increase the risk of birth injuries and other adverse effects during delivery.

The two underlying issues with Pitocin are:

  1. Dosage Response.
  2. Hyperstimulation.

To administer the proper amount of Pitocin is problematic because the drug’s effect on women can vary. There are women who tend to over-respond to the medication when receiving Pitocin. Then they will start to have overly strong and frequent contractions. Other women may experience little to no effect with the same dose of Pitocin. 

This problem also affects doctors because they have no natural way of measuring the effects of Pitocin. Another complication is the delayed reaction time to Pitocin as the medication takes effect after 30 to 45 minutes after being administered. As a result, the second dose of Pitocin is given before the effects of the initial amount can be fully assessed.

Another issue with Pitocin is the potentially dangerous side effect known as hyperstimulation. When there is an overdose of oxytocin or the woman over-responds, there is a possibility of hyperstimulation of the uterus muscles. This type of overstimulation can trigger contractions that can be too powerful, too frequent, or too long to overstress the placenta and threaten the health of the baby.

The induction can happen eventually and put the patient into labor, and labor can cause contractions. The contraction can affect the blood flow and the oxygen delivered to the placenta. The placenta is the organ that develops inside the womb and attaches to the wall of the uterus. It is responsible for providing oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the baby until it is born and starts breathing independently. 

Each time the uterine contractions occur during labor, the placenta gets compressed, and blood flow to the baby is restricted until the contraction subsides. This gives enough time to rest between contractions as it allows the baby to get oxygen before the next contraction.

If there is any compromise in the blood flow of oxygen to the fetus, the contraction will worsen the problem and leave the baby in need of critical oxygen.

The hyperstimulation from Pitocin can lead to intense contractions with short rest time in between. It can critically impair the functionality of the placenta during labor and limit the oxygen delivered to the baby. Oxygen deprivation during childbirth can be extremely dangerous and often the cause of neurologic birth injuries that can result in permanent disabilities such as cerebral palsy.


Guidelines in Using Pitocin

Pitocin’s inherent danger has led to the development of strict medical guidelines for the appropriate use of the drug. The guidelines give instructions on how the Pitocin should be administered conservatively, starting at a low dose with careful fetal stress monitoring. Once the contraction starts reaching a regular pattern, doctors should stop the administration of Pitocin. If labor is not progressing even after the Pitocin has triggered regular contractions, doctors should resort to C-section delivery and no more Pitocin.


Labor induction does not entirely lead to birth injuries. Birth injuries using labor induction will happen only if there is improper administration of the medicine. But with the constant monitoring of the obstetrician and delivery nurses, along with correct medicine administration, birth injuries can be prevented along with other side effects of induced labor.

Common Mistakes Made After Personal Injuries

When we encounter accidents, we often find ourselves confused and angry. Many of the people involved in accidents have not anticipated personal injuries, so it’s understandable if some injured victims are not aware of what to do after a personal injury incident. It’s not unusual for injury victims to make mistakes after having an accident. Some mistakes can be considered not a big deal, but some mistakes need to be corrected immediately. These mistakes can cause the victim difficulty to claim compensation.


To avoid sabotaging your financial recovery, make sure that you are aware of the mistakes that people make after personal injury accidents. Here are the common mistakes people make after personal injuries.


Mistake # 1: Not Calling the Police

When you have an accident it’s difficult to remember the correct steps on what you have to do after you have had an accident but the most important thing you need to do and should always remember is to call the police. Calling the police or any person in authority will help in the investigation of the incident. The presence of the police is important to identify important witnesses and evidence that can help you win the recovery compensation. Sometimes, the police can help identify the suspected cause of the accident. This makes the police report an invaluable resource for personal injury victims.


Mistake #2: Not Speaking with Witnesses

Another mistake that personal injury victims forget to do is not talking to a witness. Information from a witness is crucial in the process of personal injuries. Witnesses may be involved or present at the scene when the accident happened. The witness’s testimony can either make or break a claim. As with every accident, the more evidence you can provide, it is more likely the justice system will be on your side. If you neglect collecting evidence and statements from witnesses, you might experience massive insurance issues or be found at fault for the incident even if it was not you.


Mistake #3: Not Seeking Medical Attention

Many people when caught up in a personal injury accident would neglect medical help for some reasons. But if you were a victim of a personal injury accident, you must find help from a doctor or any medical personnel. Some injuries are not visible or internal and some can be readily attended to, but medical attention is also crucial if you want to receive the full amount of compensation you can get.


Mistake #4: Not Immediately Filing a Claim

In an incident that involves yourself in a personal injury incident, you must not forget to file claims. For every state, there is a different statute of limitation in filing claims. If you don’t file within the time limit, you will not be able to take your claim to court or proceed with any legal action involving the incident.


Mistake #5: Not Hiring an Experienced Personal Injury Lawyer

When you are a victim of a personal injury accident, you need someone to assist you with your claims and possible court appearances. A reliable and experienced lawyer can help you to carry out your claim and win it.


Personal injury accidents are inevitable. In case you get caught up in an unfortunate situation, always have information readily available such as ID, name, and contact person somewhere in your car or your phone. Most of the time, after the accident you will be confused, thus, these details can help save you and win your claims.

Different Kinds of Car Accidents and How to Avoid Them


If you own a car, it will be inevitable to encounter car accidents. All you can do is avoid them from happening by preparing your car and yourself, making it safer for your vehicle to drive, and conduct a pre-check whenever you want to use it. 

According to the WHO, approximately, 1.35 million people die each year in car crashes. In some countries, it can cost 3% of a country’s gross domestic product. Not all casualties in car accidents only involve drivers and passengers. Half of the global traffic deaths are among vulnerable road users. They are pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclists. 

Here are different kinds of car accidents and how to avoid them.

Head-On Collisions

The most common of car accidents and also one of the most dangerous. Accidents from head-on collisions result in the greatest number of injuries and fatalities. For those who are not familiar with this type of accident, it happens when two cars running in the opposite direction collide bumper to bumper.

There are different causes for a head-on collision to happen, and these are:

  • A sudden change of lane.
  • Road obstacles.
  • Intoxicated driver (drugs or alcohol).
  • Poor judgment.
  • Poor visibility.
  • Vehicle malfunctions such as tire blowouts.
  • Construction.
  • Not following road signs.
  • Distracted driving.

The best thing to do when driving and avoid head-on collision accidents is to drive within the speed limit and avoid drunk driving as much as possible. Check the road if constructions are going on or some obstacles may cause a fatal accident—checking your car condition before driving is also necessary.


Merging Accidents

Merging accidents or sideswipe accidents happen when two vehicles merge in one lane and the other car is sideswiped. If you happen to be caught in a merging lane, drivers need to communicate to give way for one to pass. Some drivers are not generous in giving you the road. Thus, sideswipes can happen.

Some reasons why merge accidents happen:

  • A merging motorist is running too fast or too slow.
  • Changing lanes without turning on the signal.
  • Crossing multiple lanes when merging.
  • Cutting off other vehicles to merge a lane or change lanes.

To avoid a merging accident, the driver should always use a signal indicator. If you are changing lanes, change with caution and avoid cutting off other vehicles. Communicate with the other motorists, so they would know your plans in a merge lane.


Rear-End Collision

Another kind of car accident that can be surprising and dangerous is the rear-end collision. This kind of accident is caused when one vehicle crashes to the back of another car or the rear end, which usually is in front of the crashing vehicle. Accidents like this happen when the vehicle behind is tailgating the one in front. If a sudden brake is applied by the car in front, and the car behind is running fast and is not able to apply the brake, a collision happens.

The main reason for rear-end collision is distracted driving that is caused by:

  • Texting.
  • Talking on the phone or the passengers.
  • Self-grooming.
  • Eating and drinking.

All of these can cause a distraction for the driver and, in return, cause accidents. To avoid such an accident, the driver must focus on driving and avoid tailgating another vehicle. You must also check on whether someone is behind you before hitting the break if you are the lead vehicle.


Hydroplaning Collisions

Hydroplaning collisions happen when the road is wet. During hydroplaning, the tire is barely in contact with the road, this could happen if you accidentally run through a deep puddle, and when you try to keep your car on the road, it starts slipping because it is wet.

When this happens, it is hard for the motorist to control the vehicle and the direction it’s going. Because the car is uncontrollable, there is a possibility that the car can crash into a pole, collide with another vehicle, or fall on a cliff. Hydroplaning is one of the most dangerous accidents that can happen on the road.

Like all other accidents, you can avoid hydroplaning by:

  • Avoiding driving on wet roads.
  • Checking tire treads regularly.
  • Never apply sudden breaks or accelerate further. Let the car coast at a lower speed while using steady pressure.


Parked — Car Collision

Parked car collisions or sometimes referred to as low-speed crashes. They can be accidents in parking areas, driveways, or residential areas involving another car or a pedestrian. Even though this is a low-speed crash, the accident can still damage the car or cause injury to the passenger, driver, or pedestrian. 

Cars may not be damaged, but dents, scratches, and cracks/breaks can still ruin a car’s beautiful image. There is a small percentage for the accident to be fatal, but it can cause severe damage for a pedestrian because of external causes.

Parked car collisions can be avoided by:

  • Making sure no cars or pedestrians are coming out of a driveway or parking area.
  • Do not rely on a rearview mirror or back camera. Also, turn around to check if the perimeter is clear.


Wildlife Collisions

This accident can be dangerous, especially if you are running fast and cannot apply the brake the moment you see an animal crossing the road. In the US, most wildlife collisions are caused by deer. It was estimated to reach 1.23 million accidents in a year because of deer crossing or galloping on the road.

If you are trying to avoid accidents involving animals, these are the things you should do:

  • Use high beam lights. It will help you to see animals crossing in the dark.
  • Avoid forest areas.
  • Do not neglect the road signs.
  • Keep the speed limit.


Road accidents involving cars can be fatal to the driver, the passenger, and the pedestrian. There are road signs that we should not ignore. They were posted there for safety reasons and following them can save lives. If you are driving a car, make sure to check your vehicle before going on a road trip. Ensure that your vehicle has enough fuel, the tires have enough air and check your car’s engine if there are signs of wear and tear that need immediate fixing. As a responsible vehicle owner, you must know what you must do and secure before going out of your driveway. Accidents cannot be predicted, but they can always be avoided. Check out the different kinds of car accidents and how to avoid them.

Getting Traffic Tickets, How Bad Is It?

It’s 8 AM, you woke up, and then you realized that you are already late for work. You start to panic. You jumped off from bed, changed your clothes, and rushed off to your car. Furthermore, you began to drive as quickly as possible to work. You picked up your pace along the highway, and suddenly you realized flashing lights in your mirror. You wish it wasn’t for you, but unfortunately, it is. The police were tailing you because you were driving aggressively. You pulled over to the side, an officer walked to your car, and you heard one of the most famous lines, “Do you know how fast you were driving, sir?” and these are several ways you can answer:

  1. Apologize and say, “Sorry, officer, it won’t happen again.”
  2. Make excuses.
  3. Joke about the situation and hope he laughs and forgets about the ticket.


Regardless of what your choices could be, the officer will ask for your:

  1. Driver’s license.
  2. Insurance policy.
  3. Proof of vehicle ownership.
  4. Possibly ask you to step outside your vehicle.


And more likely, this can end in these possible ways:

  1. The officer lets you off with a warning.
  2. Get a traffic ticket.
  3. Get arrested (worst-case scenario because you were not cooperating).


Getting a Traffic Ticket

In most instances, these are issued for violation of traffic laws. Here are the types of Traffic tickets.


  • Parking Tickets

A parking ticket shows how much you should pay to the city where the violation took place. The longer you wait to pay for your ticket, the more you may have to pay. You should read your ticket carefully to see when your fine will increase. Failure to pay the parking ticket can cause you to get arrested, prison time, hefty fines, difficulties to renew your car’s registration, and even get a suspended or revoked driver’s license. 


If you think you don’t deserve the ticket, contact the parking agency listed and ask them what to do. 


  • Infraction Traffic Tickets

Infraction traffic tickets are usually non-dangerous moving violations or mechanical violations. The most usual infraction traffic tickets are “running a red light” and “speeding”. Speeding tickets are given when you go over the speed limit and usually on or near school zones, construction zones, freeways, or highways. Running red light tickets are given when you should have stopped at a red traffic light.


And usually, the officers will ask for:

  • Proof of your car’s insurance or insurance policy.
  • Proof of vehicle ownership. 
  • Driver’s license.


Failure to have the proof of your car’s insurance will have another infraction ticket for “driving without proof of insurance.” 


Also, when the owner of the car is not present, expected from a borrowed car. The owner will be charged with an infraction, and an “owner responsibility” ticket is mailed to the owner’s address.


Mechanical Violations can happen when the car has broken equipment, like a broken headlight. The officer will give you a “fix-it” ticket for a “correctable violation”. 


Some comment “fix-it” ticket or a “correctable violations” are:

  • Equipment violations — driving with a broken headlight or taillight.
  • Driver’s license violations — driver’s license has expired or was not present when requested by the officer.
  • Car registration violations — Car registration has expired or was not present when requested by the officer.
  • Insurance violations — Proof of insurance was not present when requested by the officer.


  • Misdemeanor Traffic Tickets

Misdemeanor traffic tickets are for more serious crimes. The usual is reckless driving, driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and hit and runs.


Also, it will be up to the judgment of the court whether it will be considered a traffic misdemeanor or just a simple violation. Some can even be considered a traffic misdemeanor even though it does not involve a moving vehicle’s operation like obstructing traffic with one’s vehicle or playing one’s car radio too loudly.  


Signing of ticket

The best-case scenario is when the officer will let you off with a warning, but the officer will more likely write you a ticket. For such violations, he will also ask you to sign the ticket. Signing the ticket does not mean an admission of guilt but a promise to appear in court in person. Refusing to sign the ticket will force the officer to take you into custody and present you in court.


What to do after Getting the Traffic Ticket?

After getting a traffic ticket, you should act on it before the due date. Some traffic tickets do not require a court appearance unless you want to fight the ticket. But for other serious violations like speeding or reckless driving, you are required to appear in court.


Failure to appear in court may result in the suspension of your license or other fines. The court may even charge you with another misdemeanor or infraction and even issue a warrant for your arrest. 


You can appear at court on the date on the ticket or contact the court before the appearance date. You can request any of the following:


  • Plead guilty and pay the fine. 

Inform the court that you want to plead guilty, get informed about the fine amount, and discuss how you can pay the fine or ask the court to consider your ability to pay.


Pleading guilty and paying the fine can save you time but can also be expensive. When the court receives your payment, and if the offense does not require an appearance in court, your case will be closed. You can also contact the court to know the amount of your fine.


After you have paid your fine, the violation will show up as a conviction on your Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) record. This can result to:

  1. Getting points on your driving record.
  2. Your car insurance company may ask you to pay more.
  3. Your car insurance company may cancel your policy.


Supposedly you are having financial difficulties and unable to pay the total amount. You may ask for consideration for your inability to pay when you appear in court. You can ask for a reduction in the amount for the conviction, request community service, or a payment plan. 


  • Request to go to traffic school.

Usually, when you get your first ticket, the court will allow you to go to traffic school. For other cases, the court will tell you if you are eligible to go to traffic school or what you need to do to go to traffic school. 


An unofficial conviction will be added to your driving record after completing the course, but no points will not be added to your driving record. 


Supposedly you are having financial difficulties and unable to pay the total amount. You may ask for consideration for your inability to pay when you appear in court. You can ask for a reduction in the fee for traffic school.


  • Provide proof of correction.

Providing proof of corrections is for traffic tickets that are “correctable violations” or a “fix-it” ticket.


After getting the problem fixed, get an authorized person to sign the “Certificate of Correction” section of your traffic ticket. Show the proof of correction to the court and pay the dismissal fee before the deadline. The court will dismiss your case, and it will not be added to your driving record.


Check your ticket or ask the court if they will accept proof of corrections via mail. If they do, mail the signed ticket with proof of correction along with your dismissal fee to the court.


  • Plead not guilty and ask for a trial.

You can plead “not guilty” or “no contest” and ask for a trial date. If you have evidence like pictures of unreadable signs or faded yellow lines in the road, you can contest the ticket in court. These are usually for minor cases, unlike some serious misdemeanor cases.


Depending on the circumstances of your ticket, in most cases, you should expect a court appearance if you decide to fight the ticket. It would be better to hire a lawyer to help you with serious misdemeanor cases. If you succeed and no points are added to your license, the ticket should not affect your insurance.


  • Trial by written declaration

You can also ask the court to have your situation decided by trial by written declaration. This will require you to post the full bail amount. Trial by written declaration means that instead of appearing in court, you and the officer give the judge a statement and any evidence in writing.


Trial by written declaration is only eligible for:

  • Infraction traffic violations only.
  • Tickets that have not passed the due date.
  • Tickets that do not require you to appear in court.

Injured at Birth: Brachial Plexus Injuries

Brachial Plexus injury in Baltimore

The brachial plexus is a network of connected nerves between the neck and the shoulder. This complex group of nerves is responsible for controlling the chest, arms, and hands, as well as feeling in the upper limbs. 

What is a brachial plexus injury?

A brachial plexus injury happens when the network of nerves is stretched, torn, or compressed during the difficult birth of a baby. This type of birth injury occurs in 3 out of every 1,000 births and the result is often the loss of function or even paralysis in the muscles of the arms and hands. Approximately 53% of brachial plexus injuries are a result of shoulder dystocia, when the baby’s head is born, but the shoulders get hung up on the mother’s pelvic bone during birth.

Types of brachial plexus injuries:

Erb’s Palsy is a paralysis of the upper arm, which impacts the range of motion in the lower arm. 1-2 babies out of every 1,000 births are diagnosed with Erb’s Palsy. The most common cause is excessively pulling the infant’s head to one side during the birth. The good news is that most infants with Erb’s Palsy make a full recovery, especially if physical therapy begins within the first 4 weeks of life. 

Horner’s Syndrome is caused when the nerve pathway from the brain to the face is damaged, in this case during birth. There are 3 key symptoms of Horner’s Syndrome, one pupil that is smaller than the other, a droopy eyelid, and a decreased ability to sweat on the side of the face that is impacted. In many cases, the symptoms of Horner Syndrome will resolve or become less severe as the affected nerves heal. 

Klumpke’s Palsy is another brachial plexus injury, where the lower portion of nerves are damaged causing paralysis of the forearm and hand. Like Erb’s Palsy, Klumpke’s Palsy is usually a result of should dystocia or a malpositioned baby during birth. For nerve damage that doesn’t heal on its own, surgery may be an option to enhance mobility from Klumpke’s Palsy. 

If your child or a loved one has a brachial plexus injury as a result of a birth injury in Baltimore, contact Nicholas A. Parr Law today to discuss what course of action may be right for you. 

How A Personal Injury Lawyer in Baltimore, MD Could Be Key In Getting What You Deserve

nicholas a parr, personal injury lawyer in Baltimore, MD

Have you recently been injured in a car accident or perhaps you fell in an establishment? If your injury was the result of someone’s carelessness, you may be able to get compensation to help mitigate the effects of lost wages or high medical bills. However, obtaining a settlement for your injury could be a more difficult fight than you are prepared for. If you’re thinking about taking on a personal injury case alone, here are just a few reasons why that may not be the best decision for you, and why hiring a personal injury lawyer in Baltimore could be the key to getting what you need and deserve.

Proving Liability

Hands down, the most important part of your personal injury case is being able to prove that someone else is liable for your injuries. In order to accomplish this, you need to make it clear that the accident happened because someone had a duty to be more careful, but failed to do so. For example, the other driver may not admit fault and have a different version of how the auto accident occurred.  A Personal Injury Lawyer in Baltimore, MD, will work with you to fully investigate your situation so that you’ll be able to prove liability and go after the money you need.

Protecting You From Insurers

Many people question why they would ever need protection from an insurance company. However, when disaster strikes, a lot of people find that insurance adjusters use unscrupulous tactics (such as trying to get them to accept blame or offering a low ball settlement) in an effort to save the insurance company money. Fortunately, your Personal Injury Lawyer in Baltimore, MD, will likely have experience dealing with insurance companies and can help you combat these tactics with good negotiating skills. Because they’ll also be able to advise you about the size of the settlement you should expect, you’ll be able to know when the insurance companies aren’t playing fair.

Dealing with an injury can be stressful enough without also being fearful that you may not get what you need to pay for medical bills and lost wages. Working with Nicholas Parr, an experienced personal injury lawyer from Baltimore, MD can help give you the assurance that you are doing everything in your power to make sure this unfortunate situation is dealt with in a way that is both efficient and fair. For more information, contact The Law Offices of Nicholas A. Parr or visit us online and reach out at today.

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